summer 2017

  • Ready for a Home - Summer 2017

    3 years old
    Terrier Mix

    Hi, I'm Sevvy. I was recently returned because I did not get along with the young children in my home. It's such a shame really. My family said I am a great dog. I am housebroken, crate trained and know lots of commands. I need to live in an adult only home with no other pets. I am active and need an active home that can challenge me and give me all of the exercise and attention I need. I am smart and treat motivated and would excel at obedience training. I'm fun loving but I'm also a snuggler when the mood strikes. I will make a great dog for the right family situation. Stop by and visit me soon!

    3 years old
    Redbone Coonhound

    Hi I'm Leela, an active, independent lady looking for her forever home. I'm friendly and really like to be around people, but I also like to run around and do my own thing. I can keep myself busy by exploring the world around me, scents and smells are fantastic! I have been learning basic commands and love the structure of obedience training. It would be good for me to continue training in my new home with calm, confident guidance from my new family. Because of my energy level, I would do best in an active home that will work on giving me plenty of exercise and stimulation. Since I never got to learn good house manners when I was a pup, I need an experienced owner who will be able to work on things like house and crate training. I would do best in a home with kids 10 years or older. I'm good with other dogs but no cats for me.

    2 years old
    Black and White

    Hi, I'm Geronimo! They say cats are either tree dwellers or bush dwellers. I'm definitely a tree dweller. I like to be up high so I can see everything that's going on below. I'm a bit on the shy side at first, but I love a good wand toy, so that's a good way for us to get to know each other. I'm good with other cats, never met a dog and would probably be happiest in a home with older (if any) kids. My life had a rough start outdoors, but I am ready to live the life of a pampered pet!

    Muchacho 2Muchacho
    6 years old
    Orange Tabby w/White

    Hey, I'm Muchacho, and I am anything but mischievous! In fact, I am a big teddy bear. I like to be held and cuddled and I even give kisses! I'm not the kind of cat to run away when people come over. I like to be part of day-to-day activities. No dogs for me, though....I get all poofed up around them, trying to scare them away with my imitation of a Halloween cat. I would be fine around cats, though. I like to play with the kittens here. I like to "daddy" them. I hope my winning personality gets me adopted soon - I miss having a family of my own.

  • What are the most common inherited diseases in cats?

    Cat at Vet Blog

    Ask the Vet with Dr. Main

    The growth of pet health insurance businesses and large hospital groups has led to the availability of larger data sets about cat diseases. Through scientific advancements this data can be analyzed strategically to identify genetic tendencies. Further there is a deeper understanding of both the canine and feline genome. Veterinary medicine is moving in the direction of understanding canine and feline diseases on a genetic basis, in fact this is the future for pet health care.

    One reason that it is important to recognize diseases that have a genetic basis, is that these diseases tend to be chronic and will require long term management. The top five conditions in this article are complexly inherited involving multiple gene combinations and environmental factors.

    Feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD) is the most frequent hereditary predisposition observed in practice affecting up to 2% of all cats. Persian cats are at increased risk and Siamese are a decreased risk for FLUTD. Although the mode of inheritance is not known, genetic markers have been identified in cats with FLUTD. Once FLUTD is diagnosed practitioners know that the disease can recur if environmental stress factors are not controlled. Interestingly cats without the genetic marker for FLUTD will not break with the disease in a stressful environment.

    Diabetes mellitus is number two in frequency and is more prevalent in Burmese, Siamese, Norwegian Forest Cat, Russian Blue, and the Abyssinian. Obesity is a predisposing factor; but in addition a gene mutation has been identified that is similar to findings associated with type 2 diabetes in people.

    Lymphocytic or plasmacytic inflammatory disease is number three in frequency. This refers to cats with stomatitis or inflammatory bowel disease. In this disease genetic mutations have not been found but “liability genes” have been found in people and the German shepherd dog. It is suspected the same genes are present in cats. In this condition there are environmental variables that include diet and stress. When subjected to a provocative diet or stress only cats with the tendency will exhibit disease. Further cats with this condition have a lifelong propensity.

    Polycystic Kidney Disease is the most common single-gene feline disorder seen in veterinary practice. It is caused by an autosomal dominant gene for which there is a genetic test available. 38% of all Persian cats have the defective gene. Unfortunately most of the cats develop kidney failure around the age of 7 years. If considering a Persian kitten the parents should have negative genetic testing prior to purchase. Ultrasound of the kidneys is useful but no longer the standard of care in screening for Polycystic Kidney Disease.

    Number five in the top five most common inherited feline diseases is the all to common Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM). 33% of Maine Coon cats and 20% of Ragdoll cats carry a gene mutation that affects the heart muscle. Many of these cats will die prematurely as early as 7 months of age. A genetic test is available for both these breeds. HCM also occurs in random-bred cats and individual cats of other breeds. The specific gene mutations in these cats are not identified at this time.

    In time, treatment methods will be aimed at diseases on a genetic level. In the past ten years technology in veterinary medicine has changed hugely; but my sense is that in the next 10 years the change will be even greater. Understanding genetic mechanisms will open the door to greatly positive change in the treatment of these diseases.

    Dr. Alan Main is the owner of West Suburban Veterinary Practice and his dedicated team have been providing services to the West Suburban Humane Society for over 10 years.

  • What is the best containment solution for you and your dog?

    dogs outside Blog

    You love your dog and would probably do anything to keep him safe!  In order to give your dog the best life possible, it is crucial to find a way to keep him contained in your yard and out of undesirable locations. Luckily, depending on your specific situation there are many great ways that you can do this. Options include a physical fence, an electronic fence, and boundary training. Each of these methods has its advantages and disadvantages, so it is important to think about all of your options before making your choice.

    Physical Fencing

    Physical fences generally provide the best peace of mind to dog owners.  A good physical fence should keep your dog in and other things out of your yard. There are a large variety of physical fences available and it is important to consider both height and material.  For medium to large sized dogs, we would recommend a physical fence that is at least 5-6 feet tall. This should help prevent the dog from being able to jump over the fence.  The fence should also reach as close to the ground as possible to make it harder for your dog to burrow under it.  When looking at materials, don’t just go with the cheapest.  Some inexpensive wood fences can easily be broken by a large dog.   If you go with a picket type fence make sure to consider the amount of space between pickets of the fence.  If the space is too large dogs can quickly escape.  A small dog can get through an amazingly small space!  This can become a large issue if you have an HOA that restricts the type of fence that you can have.  

    There are definitely some draw back to physical fences.  The biggest one is often the cost. Installation for a quarter acre yard will generally start around $4500 and go up from there. In addition to the installation it is important to think about upkeep.  You will need to ensure the fence stays in good shape so that the dog remains contained by it.  This could mean additional costs each year.

    Another problem we often see when dog owners have physical fences is that they do less training than they would otherwise.  Dogs are often left to act up in the back yard because it is their safe place.  It is important to teach the dog how you expect them to act while in the yard.  Teach them not to bark at everyone, not to fence fight with the neighbor dog, not to try and jump the fence, not to dig out of it and not to run out of the gate.  Having a physical fence should not be an excuse ignore your dog’s undesirable behaviors!  

    Electronic Fencing

    Electronic fencing has become a very popular option for keeping dogs safely contained at home. Most electronic fence systems work by burying a wire around the perimeter of the yard. This wire emits a radio signal that is picked up by a collar on your dog. When the dog comes close to the signal a stimulus is provided and your dog will return to your yard. For the typical well behaved dog, an electronic fence is an excellent solution. One of the biggest benefits of an electronic fence is that installation is quick and very cost effective compared to a physical fence. Electronic fences keep your yard feeling open and spacious, as well as complying with most HOA requirements.

    Layout options are almost endless with electronic fences.  You can create a simple full perimeter layout that gives your dog access to your whole property or you can create multiple zones.  These zones can limit your dog to certain spaces at certain times.  You could generally leave your dog in the backyard, but also have the option of letting him play in the front yard on certain occasions. The benefit to this option is knowing exactly where your dog is at all times. Do you have an herb garden or a pool that you don’t want the dog getting into?  You can block off certain areas inside the main fence perimeter, something that is far more complicated with a physical fence.   Installation is completed on average in about 4 hours and should have a minimum impact on your property.

    One of the most important elements of an electronic fence is the training that goes along with it. Before an electronic fence is installed you should let your trainer/installer know  if your dog guards the yard. If the dog has a tendency to become territorial towards visitors, these issues should be dealt with prior to a fence being installed. Once it has been determined that the dog’s attitude is appropriate for a fence we can move on to establishing the boundaries. We are firm believers in ensuring that a dog understands something before we expect them to do it. For that reason it is important to focus on teaching the dog what the system is and how it works before you give them freedom in the yard. Training should be a stress free process for both you and your dog.

    A large drawback to electronic fencing is that many owners do not have the same peace of mind that physical fence owners do.  Even when your dog is perfectly trained and will not venture out of the containment zone there is nothing to prevent other animals or people from coming into your yard. For this reason we always encourage anyone with an electronic fence to keep a close eye on their dog while they are outside.

    Boundary Training (with no physical or electronic barrier)

    This type of training teaches your dog the boundaries of the yard with no actual fence.  The huge advantage is that you do not need to spend money on either an electronic or physical fence.  Your yard will still look exactly the same as it did before.  It will however require a lot of work on your part to ensure your dog is contained.

    Dogs are smart, and with training they can learn just about anything.  We have trained thousands of dogs to understand that they are not supposed to leave the yard regardless of what is happening outside of it.  We start off by showing the dog what the boundaries are. It is easiest to achieve this if there are some clear visual cues that the dog can learn; the edge of a driveway, a row of bushes, or a flower bed. After the dog learns the boundary we teach them that they are not supposed to cross it without us telling them it is okay.  Once they learn this, we will introduce distractions outside of the boundary and practice ensuring that the dog does not leave the yard.

    This type of containment requires lots of training and time to ensure that your dog becomes respectful of their boundaries. One of the main advantages to this route is that your dog will become very well trained throughout the process.  Both electronic fences and physical fences allow owners to easily ignore some bad behavior, but this route will force you to fix it.  In our book, that is a great thing!

    Let us Help you Decide

    We can certainly help you decide what containment solution is best suited for you and your dog.  Each option has its pros and cons and not every option is right for every dog.  As long as you choose wisely, your dog will be very happy with your choice to allow them to run free and be safe in their yard. Regardless of the option you choose, we always encourage obedience training to go along with containment.  The more training you do, the happier you and your dog will be!

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